Bariatric Surgery is a common term used for different kinds of weight loss surgeries. When exercise and diet plans fail or you suffer from grave health issues due to obesity then gastric bypass is recommended to make changes in the digestive system.
Visit BMI of Texas to learn more about bariatric surgery. The experienced and specialized team there offers a comprehensive weight & metabolism management solution to people around Texas.
Bariatric surgery types
Roux-en-Y – It is non-reversible method, where the food amount you ingest in a single sitting is decreased. Top part of the stomach gets cut and sealed. The pouch size is reduced, so less food gets accommodated [1 pint instead of normal 3 pints]. Small intestine is cut and a part gets sewn to the pouch. Majority of your stomach and first section of small intestine gets bypassed and food enters directly in the small intestine’s middle section from the small stomach pouch.
Biliopancreatic diversion – In this 80% stomach gets removed. The pyloric valve that releases food into small intestine remains [only the end portion that connects to the duodenum]. Majority of intestine gets bypassed.
LAGB – an inflatable band is positioned around the stomach’s uppermost part and inflated. The stomach gets compressed and separates into two parts. Small upper pouch communicates via channel created by band with rest of stomach. The food eaten gets limited by the small pouch. However, the band will need periodic adjustment.
Sleeve gastrectomy – The stomach structure is changed into a tube shape that limits the absorption of calories. It is a new kind of weight-loss surgery.
Reasons to recommend Gastric bypass surgery?
To reduce potential life-threatening risk associated with excessive weight including –
- Heart issues
- Severe sleep apnea
- Gastroesophageal reflux disorder
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
It is suggested only after the person has tried weigh loss diet plans and workout regimes but failed.
Who is eligible for gastric bypass surgery?
- BMI [Body Mass Index] is more than 40.
- With 35 to 39.9 BMI, you suffer from weight associated risky health issues like severe sleep apnea, HBP, and type 2 diabetes then you will be qualified.
The surgery is not for every obese person. There is a wide screening process and you also need to be eager to adapt healthy lifestyle permanently. There may be a need for long-term follow up plans, which includes nutrition, lifestyle, behavior and overall health monitoring. Bariatric surgery is very expensive, so check if it is covered in your policy.
How to prepare?
If you get qualified for the bariatric surgery then you will be given specific instructions of dos and don’ts.
- Before the surgery, variety of lab tests will be needed.
- There will be restrictions of drinking and eating.
- Medications will be prescribed.
- You will be started on physical activity program.
- You will also need to quit the use of tobacco.
- Even prepare for post-surgery recovery like arrange for help, if you feel it is needed.
What to expect?
General anesthesia is necessary. The surgery specifics depend on your situation, kind of bariatric surgery, and doctor’s specialty. Several doctors use traditional way but majority of surgeries today get performed laparoscopically. It is minimal invasive procedure, where laparoscope get inserted with tiny camera allowing surgeon to see as well as operate within the stomach. Laparoscopic surgery makes recovery process fast and short.